Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) was the creative genius son of a famous New York jeweller. Starting his career as a talented painter in the late 1860's, he traveled extensively overseas and at the age of 31 (in 1879) moved into interior design gradually specializing in glass. Tiffany was greatly influenced by the glass he saw on his travels to Europe. Major influences included the Art Nouveau glass being produced in France by Gallé and in Austria by Loetz; and ancient Roman and Egyptian glass that was being excavated from North Africa and the Middle East at that time. Tiffany was also influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement in Britain. Like others affected by this movement, he sought to combine his own artistic talent with the skills of artisans supported by automated machinery. As with his great contemporaries in Europe (notably Lalique and Gallé), the outcome was two fold; on the one hand the master's own creations and on the other hand a large amount of "industrial" items made to his designs. In Tiffany's case these included most of his lamps and many small glass vessels. Much of Tiffany's glass was branded "Favrile", from an old Saxon word meaning "hand wrought".
For more than 35 years, Louis Comfort Tiffany produced glassware at his Corona New York location. Glass produced between 1892 and 1900. The largest amount of glass was produced from 1900 to 1918 and during what is know by most collectors as the Nash period, 1918 to 1928 pastel glass come into production.
In 1919 Louis Comfort Tiffany retired from Tiffany Studios. He divided the company into two divisions. Tiffany Furnaces, managed by A. Douglas Nash producing Favrile glass, and Tiffany Ecclesiastical Department to produce windows, mosaics and lamps. The word "Favrile" comes from the Latin word fabrilis, which translates to hand-made. Favrile glass is a type of iridescent art glass designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany. It was patented in 1894 and first produced in 1896. It differs from most iridescent glasses because the color is ingrained in the glass itself, as well as having distinctive coloring. Favrile glass was used in Tiffany's stained-glass windows.