Steuben Glass Works started operation in October 1903. Carder produced blanks for Hawkes and also began producing cut glass himself. Carder's great love was colored glass and had been instrumental in the reintroduction of colored glass while at Stevens and Williams. When Steuben's success at producing blanks for Hawkes became assured, Carder began to experiment with colored glass and continued experiments that were started in England. He soon perfected Gold Aurene which was similar to iridescent art glass that was being produced by Tiffany and others. Gold Aurene was followed by a wide range of colored art glass that eventually was produced in more than 7,000 shapes and 140 colors.
Frederick Carder (1863-1963) was a British glass designer, first employed from 1881 to 1903 by the English glass company Stevens & Williams. In 1903, Carder, together with Thomas Hawkes, founded the Steuben Glass Works in the town of Corning, located in Steuben County, New York. Steuben's major output from 1904 to 1933 was Aurene, often compared to Tiffany's Favrile ware. Steuben developed Aurene glass in a variety of colors, including gold, blue, red, opaline, brown and green. In 1905, Steuben produced a clear glass with a silvery iridescence known as Verre Soie; and in the 1920's, a new iridescent glass called Ivrene. Through 1933, under Carder's direction, Steuben developed many other kinds of innovative glassware, among them varieties of mica glass known as Moss Agate, Silverina and Cintra; cameo glass; glassware imitative of white marble called Alabaster glass; a pink glass called Rosaline, often used as a casing for Alabaster glass; and unevenly shaped bowls christened Grotesque glass.